Sexual Health D&G

facebook home | clinics | glossary | resources | emergency contraception

STI » Chlamydia


Sexually Transmitted Infections.

What is it?


Chlamydia is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the UK and is on the increase. Women aged 16-19 and men aged 20-25 are at the greatest risk. You can get it through oral, vaginal or anal sex.


Most women and some men do not have symptoms. If there are symptoms they might include:

In women

In men

What is it caused by?


How is it diagnosed?

Urine test or by taking a swab.

How is it treated?

It’s easily treated with a short course of antibiotics from your GP or Sexual Health clinic. Your partner/partners also need to be tested and treated.

What can happen if it’s not treated?

Left untreated it can cause infertility (inability to have a child). It can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or Ectopic pregnancy.It can also cause Reiters syndrome. This is a type of arthritis and causes inflammation of the eyes and joints and sometimes a rash on the soles of the feet and genitals.

Safer Sex

You cannot tell by looking at someone if they have a sexually transmitted infection, so if you are having sex (oral, anal or vaginal) the only way to make sure you are not putting yourself at risk is to practise safer sex.
This means:

Condoms / Femidoms also protect you from other STIs including HIV. Always check the packaging for the British Standard kitemark or European product mark as well as the date of expiry.

Free condoms are available throughout Dumfries & Galloway. See the Clinic List.

Testing and treatment is available from:

  • General Practitioners
  • Sexual Health D&G, Nithbank, Dumfries.
    Daily drop-in Mon-Fri 9.00-11.00am
    Mon 4.30-6.00pm
  • Stranraer Community Hospital
    Every Monday 5.00 - 6.30pm
    Every Wednesday 10.30 - 11.30am
Tel: 0345 702 3687 for other appointments