Sexual Health D&G


Other infections » Cystitis


What is it?

Cystitis is inflammation of your bladder, usually caused by a bladder infection.
It is more common in women.

What are the Symptoms?

Suspect cystitis if you:

Some people with cystitis also feel feverish and generally unwell and have a dull ache in the lower part of their abdomen or in their back (see below for more information about when you should see your GP).

What is it caused by?

It can be caused by germs entering your bladder through the tube that carries urine out of your body (urethra).

It is not always clear why this happens but some things can increase your risk of getting it, such as:-

What can I do to make myself feel better?

If you are worried and especially if it is the first time you have had these symptoms get advice from your GP (see below for more details).  Cystitis often clears up on its own after a few days. Until this happens there are things you can do to make yourself feel better.

Should I see my GP?

See your GP if:

Sometimes Chlamydia infection can cause similar symptoms and you should consider having a Chlamydia test


How do you get tested for cystitis?

The nurse or doctor may ask you for a sample of your urine. It is best not to collect this before you visit as you will need to pass urine into a special container you will be given. The sample for cystitis cannot be tested for Chlamydia so if you are concerned about chlamydia please tell the doctor or nurse so they can arrange for the correct test for this.

How is it treated?

Sometimes cystitis is best treated with antibiotics. Your doctor or nurse can also rule out other infections with similar symptoms.

How can I best prevent infection?

The following can reduce your chances of getting cystitis in the future:

Drinking cranberry juice has traditionally been recommended as a way of reducing your chances of getting cystitis, however studies suggest it does not make a significant difference.

Testing and treatment is available from:

Please do not come to our Sexual Health Clinic in Stranraer or Dumfries.
If you wish to be seen or are seeking sexual health advice:
Phone 03457023687
Mon - Fri 9.00am - 4.00pm

Tel: 0345 702 3687 for other appointments